David Freedberg, Pierre Matisse Professor of the History of Art and Director of the Italian Academy for Advanced Studies in America at Columbia University, reveals to us his thoughts on the act of looking and the problem of arousal in art, relating to various subjects that seem themed in Virgins and Magdalens. He views it as a cognitive relation between looking and enlivening. When an image becomes “alive” it stimulates desire, though it is something moving us to speak of colors and form. With images and art, there is a form of repression and coinciding with that repression is both arousal and rationalization. It is a paradox. In visual attention, there is a gaze, look, stare, which proceeds from the ontology of images in general…. This he finds, especially in the Western world, is often patriarchally determined and problematically neglectful of authentic female voices. He states how crucial the body is in images, as it appeals to the senses – as he calls one of the most fundamental fears – since it is often first to be erased in censorship.